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Broader definitions of the type of violence. Another reason is that the cultural background of male dominated societies further raises the prevalence of violence against women.Physical violenceMore than half of women in this study experienced at least one form of emotional abuse. The additional items of threatening to divorce and threatening to remarry represent aspects of emotional abuse that are
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Ssed with six items: insult, humiliation, threateningAl-Atrushi et al. BMC Women's Health 2013, 13:37 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6874/13/Page 3 ofto divorce the respondent, threatening to marry another woman, threatening to hurt the respondent and doing things to scare the respondent on purpose. The items in the WHO multi-country study questionnaire for assessing controlling behavior were n
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Ttle change in the prevalence of women reporting bothersome pains.CommentsAbout two thirds of the women in this selected group of women reported vasomotor symptoms and about half reported them being bothersome symptoms. There was a notable variation in the development over time in the prevalence of bothersome symptoms. The development over time was related both to the timing of entering the study,
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Dents of domestic violence of women, 46 sustained minor physical injuries, 20 moderate physical injuries and 6 severe physical injuries [39]. In Ireland, a study found that 46 of women attending the general practice who experienced violent behavior had been injured [22].The proportion of emotional distress and suicidal thought behaviors and attempts among physically abused women this study was
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Is considerably higher than the rates reportedTable 2 Prevalence of lifetime and past year emotional abuse by intimate partner against womenType of violence No. Lifetime (overall) Insult Scaring/intimidation Humiliation Threatening to remarry Threatening to harm Threatening to divorce Past year (overall) Insult Scaring/intimidation Humiliation Threatening to remarry Threatening to harm Threatening
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Ps were very similar by the studied background characteristics. Table 2 gives the prevalence of vasomotor symptoms according to a cross-sectional analysis. At the time of recruitment, about two thirds of the women reported vasomotor symptoms, and about a half regarded them as bothersome. In the survey a year later, less (53 ) of women reported vasomotor symptoms and a third found them bothersome.
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Slapping was still regarded as the commonest type and choking or burning was considered the least common. The lifetime prevalence of moderate physical violence was greater than that of severe physical violence (21 vs. 17.9 ). In contrast, the past year prevalence of severe physical violence was higher than moderate physical violence (8.9 , vs. 6.2 ). Details of lifetime and past year physical IPV
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Act of climacteric on well-being: a survey based on 5213 women 39 to 60 years old. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993, 168:772?80. Holte A: Prevalence of climacteric complaints in a representative sample of middle-aged women in Oslo, Norway. J Psycosom Obstet Gynaecol 1991, 12:303?17. Stearns V, Ullmer L, Lopez JF, Smith J, Isaacs C, Hayes DF: Hot flushes. Lancet 2002, 360:1851?861. Bardel A, Wallander MA,