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Not included in the present analysis. The women in the blind arms received their drug bottles with coded labels (otherwise identical bottles). Women in the non-blind HT arm had their drug bottles marked with HT. Only data on women in blind placebo group and nontreatment group aged 50?9 at recruitment (n = 486) are used in this study. Throughout the trial, about 90 ofwomen in the non-treatment gro
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En who became widow within the last year and women whom husbands were accompanying them were excluded from the study. Widowed, separated and divorced women were excluded from the estimation of the prevalence of past year violence. The nature of the study was briefly described for each participant. All women were informed that participation in the study was voluntary and the data collected would no
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Of Technology, Brisbane, Australia Full list of author information is available at the end of the articleway of assessing the impact of pregnancy interventions on the wide range of pregnancy symptoms that women experience. Therefore, in this study we outline our approach to the development and testing of a valid and robust tool to assess pregnancy symptoms. A review of the available literature ide
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Ing/burning Pat year (overall) Moderate physical violence (overall) Slapping on face* Pushing/shaking/throwing something* Twisting arm/pulling hair* Severe physical violence (overall) Hitting with fist/something Kicking/dragging Threatening/attacking with knife or gun Choking/burning*Moderate physical act. Severe physical act.Frequency of violence Once No. ( ) 2 ?5 times No. ( ) No. >5 times ( )(
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Fferent surveys using the date of filling in the questionnaire. We then grouped the surveys as follows: 6?8 months = 1-year follow-up, 19?8 months = 2-year follow-up, 29?2 months = 3year follow-up, 43?9 months =4-year follow-up. Women who left one or more follow-up surveys unanswered formed a separate group (intermittent surveys). We classified women into those who had or had not had symptoms in t
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The health and wellbeing of women and children, strategies to improve maternal and child?2013 Al-Atrushi et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is p
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Of Technology, Brisbane, Australia Full list of author information is available at the end of the articleway of assessing the impact of pregnancy interventions on the wide range of pregnancy symptoms that women experience. Therefore, in this study we outline our approach to the development and testing of a valid and robust tool to assess pregnancy symptoms. A review of the available literature ide
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Uscript. RL commented the manuscript. PV participated in the designing of the analysis and commented the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Acknowledgement This study was partly financed by Academy of Finland grant 2007?010 (decision number 115088). We thank all women who participated in the trial, the trial staff at clinical centres, and the staff at the National Inst