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En who became widow within the last year and women whom husbands were accompanying them were excluded from the study. Widowed, separated and divorced women were excluded from the estimation of the prevalence of past year violence. The nature of the study was briefly described for each participant. All women were informed that participation in the study was voluntary and the data collected would no
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And. 2UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research and National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 3033501, Tampere, Finland. 3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National Institute for Health Development, Hiiu 42, 11619, Tallinn, Estonia. Received: 15 February 2012 Accepted: 17 December 2012 Published: 21 December 2012 References 1. Hemminki E, Topo P, Kangas I: Experience
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Same. Some women had symptoms variably (i.e. having one or more measurements without symptoms and then again reporting symptoms). Younger women did not systematically have more bothersome symptoms than older women. Comparing the proportions of women with bothersome symptoms at various times to those in the crosssectional analysis of Table 2 reveals relatively similar percentages. For comparison, w
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Sical IPV in this study (35.5 ) is within the range of prevalence in some areas investigated in the WHO multi-country study across different cultures and socio-economic settings (30 -40 ) such as Namibia, Bangladesh, New Zealand, Thailand, Tanzania, Brazil, and Australia [23,29]. It is slightly lower than those reported among women attending general health practice in Ireland 39 [22], Sanandaj ci
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Is considerably higher than the rates reportedTable 2 Prevalence of lifetime and past year emotional abuse by intimate partner against womenType of violence No. Lifetime (overall) Insult Scaring/intimidation Humiliation Threatening to remarry Threatening to harm Threatening to divorce Past year (overall) Insult Scaring/intimidation Humiliation Threatening to remarry Threatening to harm Threatening
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Ttle change in the prevalence of women reporting bothersome pains.CommentsAbout two thirds of the women in this selected group of women reported vasomotor symptoms and about half reported them being bothersome symptoms. There was a notable variation in the development over time in the prevalence of bothersome symptoms. The development over time was related both to the timing of entering the study,
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Men's experience of the menopause. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1996, 103:1025?028. Mitchell ES, Woods NF: Symptom experiences of midlife women: observations from the Seattle midlife women's health study. Maturitas 1996, 25:1?0. Jokinen K, Rautava P, M inen J, Ojanlatva A, Sundell J, Helenius H: Experience of climacteric symptoms among 42?6 and 52?6-year-old women. Maturitas 2003, 46:199?05. Col NF, Guthr
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Ot always experienced in isolation. However, the interaction of symptoms, such as back and pelvic pain causing sleep disturbance or sleep disturbance causing fatigue are not well explored. Psychosocial variables also?2013 Foxcroft et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/l