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Further define MARCO and SR-AI/II function, and may also be useful to identify other novel scavenger-type macrophage receptors and for additional studies of particle toxicology.BackgroundThe pulmonary alveolar macrophage (AM) plays an important role in defense of the lung [1-5]. Class A scavenger receptors (SRA) primarily expressed on the macro-phage (M? surface are critical for binding, uptake, a
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Hose residing on isolated branches outside of subtrees containing previously defined HIV-1 subtype or CRF lineages. Outlier sequences on the other hand were defined as those residing on basal branches of subtrees containing previously defined HIV-1 subtype or CRF lineages. Nucleotide sequences were deposited in GenBank [JX244899-JX244948 for gag and JX244949JX245003 for nef]. Clinical and demograp
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Equences previously identified as belonging to these known clades by constructing maximum likelihood trees from all available gag and nef sequences for each clade, and selecting one sequence from each of the up to ten most basal lineages from the root of these clades. Anonymously-donated HIV-infected blood units were collected between December 2006 and August 2007 from Yaound?Central Hospital, Cam
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Ion of immortalized MARCO and SR-AI/II-deficient murine alveolar macrophage cell linesHongwei Zhou1, Amy Imrich1 and Lester Kobzik*1,Address: 1Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, 02115, USA and 2Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA Email: Hongwei Zhou - hzhou@hsph.harvard.edu; Amy Imrich -
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Further define MARCO and SR-AI/II function, and may also be useful to identify other novel scavenger-type macrophage receptors and for additional studies of particle toxicology.BackgroundThe pulmonary alveolar macrophage (AM) plays an important role in defense of the lung [1-5]. Class A scavenger receptors (SRA) primarily expressed on the macro-phage (M? surface are critical for binding, uptake, a
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Eshly isolated AMs from MS-/- mice, the cell lines exhibit decreased phagocytosis of unopsonized titanium dioxide (TiO2), fluorescent latex beads and bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus) compared with the primary AMs from wild type (WT) C57BL/6 mice. Conclusion: Our results indicated that three contiguous murine alveolar macrophage cell lines with MS-/- (ZK1, ZK2 and ZK6) were established successfully
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Bited a 325-bp PCR product, whereas SR-AI/II-/- mutant allele showed a 434-bp PCR product. MARCO wild type allele exhibited ca. 500-bp PCR product, and MARCO-/- mutant exhibited ca. 850-bp PCR product. All of the three cell lines are stable and Mycoplasma-free by Mycoplasma PCR ELISA test (Roche, Indianapolis, IN) during culture in the past 24 months.SR-AI/IIM WT ZK1 ZK2 ZK6 MMARCOWT ZK1 ZK2 ZKMAR
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Issecting the earliest evolutionary steps in the emergence of HIV-1M. Keywords: HIV-1 diversity, West central Africa, RDP3, Maximum likelihood, PHYMLFindings The Congo basin in west central Africa is thought to be the origin of HIV, where several cross-species transmission events from chimpanzees to humans occurred [1,2]. Cameroon, located in this region, has one of the most genetically diverse HI